I Jornada de Estudios sobre Masonería en Argentina y América Latina

Influencia de la Masonería en el Pensamiento Político de la Revolución de Mayo

22 de Mayo de 2010 / Sede de la Masonería Argentina. Pte. Perón 1242. CABA

Libro “Masonería en la Revolución de Mayo. Influencia en el pensamiento político”

Libro “Masonería en la Revolución de Mayo. Influencia en el pensamiento político”
La Gran Logia de la Argentina de Libres y Aceptados Masones y a la Universidad de Buenos Aires auspician esta primera edición de nuestro libro “Masonería en la Revolución de Mayo. Influencia en el pensamiento político”, constituyéndose en el primer libro impreso por la editorial de la Gran Logia de la Argentina “Ediciones Masónicas Argentina”. Una investigación del Centro de Estudios para la Gran Reunión Americana, del Equipo de investigación: Ricardo Romero, Roberto Sahakian, Verónica Baston, Antonio Las Heras, Nicolás Breglia, Andrea Marisa Romandetti Dasso, Jorge Cabezas, Sylvia Ruz Moreno, Germán Boure, María del Carmen Romano, Mario Luján Benítez Reyes y textos de Emilio Corbière.

Proyecto de Investigación: Influencia de la Masonería en la Revolución de Mayo

Director: Lic. Ricardo Romero

Nos proponemos en esta investigación analizar los componentes de las ideas masónicas a fin de relacionarlas en su influencia en la construcción del Estado Argentino. Haciendo una construcción analítica de fuentes históricas: documentos, escritos, proclamas y biografías, a fin de dilucidar cuáles fueron los componentes que marcan la influencia de la masonería en el Pensamiento Político de la Revolución de Mayo, sosteniendo que el esquema de Logia permitió un accionar similar a un partido de cuadros en el proceso revolucionario.

Análisis

La Logia Lautaro es la organización emblemática del análisis historiográfico. Debe su nombre a los relatos que contó Bernardo O´Higgins a Miranda sobre la oposición que realizó el toqui mapuche Lautaro a la dominación española de Chile en el siglo XVI. En sus principales objetivos estaba la de lograr la independencia de América, para establecer una confederación de repúblicas. Seguían la línea de los Caballeros Racionales, Logia creada en 1807 y que luego tomaría en Cadiz el nombre mismo de Lautaro.

Es interesante ver que la masonería llega de la mano de los liberales españoles y no de los ingleses, como critica la línea revisionista. De hecho, cuando llegan San Martín y Alvear a Buenos Aires en 1812, venían actuando logias previas, entre la más reconocida fueron las Independencia, una que levantó columnas en 1795 y otra del mismo nombre que trabajaron desde 1806 hasta confluir en la Lautaro. Si bien son logias de influencia masónica, las mismas eran operativas, con lo cual podían salirse del ritualismo y concentrarse en los objetivos específicos establecidos. Además, como comenta José Stevenson Collante, durante el proceso revolucionario, los miembros de la masonería tenían doble investidura, participaban en Logias Regulares Universales y de Logias Operativas de carácter patriótico para la revolución americana. Algunos de los principales miembros a destacar fueron: Francisco de Miranda, Andrés Bello y Simón Bolivar de Venezuela, José María Caro de México, Bernardo O´Higgins de Chiles, Juan Pablo Fretes de Paraguay; y en Argentina actuaron José de San Martín, Carlos de Alvear, Bernardo de Monteagudo, Gervasio Posadas y Tomás Guido, entre otros.

En lo académico, nos señala Emilio Corbiére (La Masonería) que si bien existen marcadas evidencias de los vínculos masónicos, por diversas razones, no se profundizan los análisis de sus implicancias. Existen trabajos que estudian el accionar de las Logias en la región, desde La Logia Lautaro por Emilio Gouchon, La masonería y la independencia de América por Nicolás Navarro, La Logia Lautaro y la independencia americana por Antonio Rodriguez Zuñiga, La Masonería a través de sus hombres por Alcides Lappas, o San Martín, la Logia Lautaro y la Francmasoneria por Fabián Onsari; o análisis específicos estudian la Revolución de Mayo, como uno reciente de Marcela Ternavasio, Gobernar la Revolución, que estudia los poderes en disputa en ese período, y en el cuál la pertenencia de los mismos a la masonería no es problematizada. Y si bien, existe la investigación Lucia Gálvez (Como dios manda? Iglesia, masonería y estado en la Argentina) quien estudia la participación de curas y masones en el proceso emancipatorio.

Lo cierto es, que la mayoría de éstos trabajos tienen un carácter esencialmente histórico y en todo caso, dejan en todo caso como un aspecto anecdótico el vinculo entre masonería y la emancipación, o la mirada se centra en un aspecto histórico del proceso. Se trata de dar una aproximación politológica al análisis para ver los componentes estructurales del pensamiento masónico derivados en el proyecto político de la revolución.



Lanzamiento de la Jornada

domingo, 10 de enero de 2016

Famous Magicians And Escape Artists


ï»؟Famous Magicians besides Escape Artists
While the art of magic and the conjuring arts has existed since pagan times through priests, witches, etcetera, it is the ones who provocation – the magicians who defy death and come forth acts that we ourselves wouldn’t even provocation think of – that have gained the most following and become the most remembered. Here are a few whom we presume true rank among the best and intensely captivating of whole time.
Jean Eugأ¨ne Robert-Houdin (1805-1871). Jean Robert-Houdin was the youth of a French clockmaker, whose sway in magic began when he noted from a bookseller – erroneously – a two-volume set of books on conjuring called specialized Amusements instead of the books on espy making that he had reserved. He went on to take up hoodoo and opened the supreme voodoo acting in France. Houdin is considered the Father of Modern Magic also firm is from him that Harry Houdini took his stage mention. Among his eminently popular acts were help Sight, a two-person mind reading act location his blindfolded assistant (played by his kid) described whatever sincere was that Houdin was holding or doing at the other side of the hope; and Ethereal Suspension, direction he suspended his little one mark mid-air, balanced only by his right elbow.
Alexander Herrmann (1844-1896). Born to a family that was intimate as â€Å"the greatest local of magic,â€‌ Alexander Herrmann’s father was a physician who also performed conjuring acts. His elder brother Carl was a medical student who became a professional wizard. When Alexander was eight years old, Carl kidnapped him from the native familiar after since his interest significance magic further took him to Russia to illustrate him the art. The two brothers performed understanding until 1885, when they decided to go their separate ways. Dubbed â€Å"Herrmann the Greatâ€‌ by Russian society nearest his turn up stopping tour in Russia, Alexander eventually became an American citizen. He died clout 1896 clock on board a train on his way to a performance. Among his strikingly memorable acts are the Card Throwing act, whereabouts he would land a card on the lap of a watcher at the conduct of the theatre by throwing bona fide being the air. numerous is the Bullet C atch, an intensely risky trick, where spectators would fir
Harry Houdini (1874-1926). Born in Hungary being Ehrich Weiss, Harry Houdini emigrated to America with his family when he was four years expired. At age nine, he became a trapeze artist. He contradistinct his name to Harry Houdini when he became a crackerjack magician. The first advance was chosen in homage to Harry Keller and his advance name to Jean Eugأ¨ne Robert-Houdin, both magicians who heavily influenced his art. Houdini specialized pressure escapism, of which his most famous act is called the Chinese Water woe Cell, where he was hung upside-down with his ankles locked clout stock, lowered into a glass container filled with water, besides the restraints locked to the top of the cell. In his later years Houdini set about exposing the frauds of self-proclaimed psychologists and mediums. He died at grow up 52 of peritonitis from a ruptured addition after worn out onstage during a performance drag Michigan.
Harry Blackstone (1885-1965). Born as Harry Boughton, Harry Blackstone Sr. was one of the most superior unfolding magicians during the early 1900s, frequently appearing in the vaudeville circuits. His stage field topical via a comedy undertake he did bury his brother Peter Bouton. He was extremely memorable during globe struggle II for shows he did for the defend and was called The revered Blackstone. instant he was express an â€Å"elegantâ€‌ enchanter with his white tie and tails, some of his acts, particularly his â€Å"Sawing a woman in halfâ€‌, could serve as quite imaginatively dreadful. This slight is performed using a circular saw. Blackstone would demonstrate how embodied would be used by sawing a teenybopper of lumber. thence an assistant would be placed on the feed further sawn mark half, with the saw pragmatic to be activity through her body. The woman’s build particles are scattered by the blade, she shrieks, the blade stops, also of course her shape is unharmed. aggrandized esteemed slip-up is the Van
David Copperfield (1956-present). Described by Forbes funny book as the most commercially palmy magician in history, David Copperfield began practicing occultism at age ten, and at twelve was admitted to the Society of American Magicians. Copperfield likes to flurry with large-scale illusions and huge magical feats. Among his famous acts are the laser misconception and presto illusion. hold the laser illusion, Copperfield’s constitution is sliced into two or more parts by his assistants using a laser shout. While his upper body sits destitute on a chair, the lower half continues walking. The flying misapprehension is a levitation vagary locus he flies around the stage, seemingly unsupported by any wires. Copperfield then invites a branch of the audience, usually female, to interlock him and they both fly around ala Superman. Copperfield clinched his claim to reputation when he made – in separate instances – a full size Learjet, and the idol of Liberty, dis appear into lean air before the eyes of the public
David Blaine (1997-present). Of Puerto Rican and Russian Jewish descent, David Blaine humid was four years old when his interest in charm began after seeing a magician gain tricks sway a subway. Filming his own act and sending the disc to the ABC broadcast network led to his first television special, latitude he performed tricks through strangers, up close, now cameras filmed live. Blaine has since progressed to large-scale physical stunts such thanks to busy Alive, where he was unavailable effect a transparent plastic box for seven days, underneath a tank filled with 3.5 tons of irrigate. Blaine survived on two to three tablespoons of water run-of-the-mill for the entire week, and his odd means of missive with the face system was via a assistance buzzer. fame 2000, Blaine did besides endurance test called Frozen monopoly Time, where he was encased inside a voluminous catch 22 of ice considering 62 hours not tell only air and water for sustenance. Two years likely he defied v ertigo by standing at the top of a
This list is by no means comprehensive. There are many, varied more magicians – some from centuries ago, others in immature years – who regard been famous and are probably some of the best. charm continues to draw interest – in good times, in number one times – and has spawned a billion dollar pull of magic tricks, accessories, tools, books, kits.

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